Abdominal aortic aneurysms: Improved diagnostic confidence, patient experience

Abdominal aortic aneurysms: Improved diagnostic confidence, patient experience

By Philips ∙ Feb 01, 2020 ∙ 3 min read

Clinical article

Radiology

Ultrasound

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) cause more than 175,000 deaths globally every year, with an 80% mortality rate if ruptured.1 Routine surveillance is important, yet imaging modalities in the current standard of care are associated with significant drawbacks. Philips AAA Model overcomes these drawbacks, offering increased diagnostic confidence and an improved patient experience.

At-a-glance

  • AAA model eliminates exposure to radiation and contrast agents for improved patient experience
  • 3D ultrasound now feasible for surveillance of native AAA
  • Seamless integration of Philips AAA with ultrasound technologies helps to increase diagnostic confidence

Product in use photo of EPIQ Elite AAA with X6-1 ultrasound, Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Standard of care for AAAs

Typically, AAAs are identified incidentally during abdominal imaging exams, but in some cases can remain undetected until rupture. The current standard of care for AAAs requires several imaging modalities including 2D ultrasound and CTA, but each of these methods has its drawbacks: inter-operator variability with 2D ultrasound and patient exposure to high levels of radiation and nephrotoxic contrast agents with CTA.

Philips AAA Model is a software application that detects, segments and quantifies 3D ultrasound data for use in surveillance of native and post-endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) AAAs.

Philips AAA Model provides key measurements, including the maximum anterior-to-posterior (AP) diameter and partial volume of the aneurysm, while also indicating the centerline of the aneurysm. Philips AAA Model provides clinicians with the necessary diagnostic information without the drawbacks of 2D ultrasound and computed tomography angiography (CTA) in the current standard of care.

Clinician uses Philips EPIQ Elite AAA to perform an ultrasound on an abdominal aortic aneurysm patient

Improved patient experience

Philips AAA Model improves the patient experience by eliminating exposure to high levels of radiation and nephrotoxic contrast agents while still providing clinicians with the necessary diagnostic information.

Comparison of radiation exposure among common medical imaging procedures4

Procedure

Approximate effective radiation dose

Comparable time period of natural background radiation

Ultrasound

0 mSv 

0 years

Computed tomography (CT): abdomen and pelvis

10 mSv

3 years

X-ray: chest

0.1 mSv

10 days

X-ray: dental

0.005 mSv

1 day

Mammography

0.4 mSv

7 weeks

It has been shown that 3D ultrasound can be used to estimate the diameter and volume of an AAA with acceptable reproducibility and an improved agreement with CT.3D ultrasound also correlates significantly better to 3D CT than the currently used method of 2D ultrasound when assessing maximum diameter of the residual sac after EVAR, with clinically acceptable reproducibility.3

Clinical image of Philips AAA model scan

Philips AAA Model detects, segments and quantifies 3D ultrasound data for use in surveillance of native and post-EVAR AAAs.

Increased diagnostic confidence

For surveillance of a native AAA by measuring the maximum AP diameter of the aneurysm, it has been shown that a 3D ultrasound exam can be used with inter-operator reproducibility superior to that of a 2D ultrasound exam.The range of inter-operator variability for 3D ultrasound was shown to be less than that of 2D ultrasound.

The maximal diameter of an AAA is ideally measured perpendicular to the centerline, a methodology that so far has only been feasible with 3D CT and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).Philips AAA Model provides the centerline of the AAA throughout the volume of the 3D acquisition, making 3D ultrasound now also feasible with this methodology.

Philips AAA Model also provides the partial volume of the aneurysm. This is beneficial as it has been observed that more than one-third of small AAAs considered to be stable based on diameter alone were actually growing in volume.This suggests that volume measurements have the potential to supplant diameter as the most important single parameter in the diagnosis and surveillance of AAAs.6

The low cost of ultrasound, combined with the absence of both radiation exposure and administration of nephrotoxic contrast agents to the patient, has made it the preferred imaging modality for aneurysm screening and surveillance.7

Clinical image of a Philips AAA model scan with anterior-to-posterior diameter and partial volume measurements

Philips AAA Model provides key measurements, including the maximum anterior-to-posterior (AP) diameter and partial volume of the aneurysm, while also indicating the centerline of the aneurysm.

Compatible ultrasound technologies

Philips AAA Model seamlessly integrates innovative software and leading Philips ultrasound technologies, including the Philips X6-1 xMATRIX transducer and the Philips EPIQ Elite premium ultrasound system, into a single solution.

Clinical article

Increased diagnostic confidence and improved patient experience

Subscribe to our email updates

We are always interested in engaging with you.

Let us know how we can help.

1
Select your area of interest
2
Contact details

Footnotes
 

[1] Howard DP, Banerjee A, Fairhead JF, et al. Age-specific incidence, risk factors and outcome of acute abdominal aortic aneurysms in a defined population. British Journal of Surgery. 2015;102(8):907-915. doi:10.1002/bjs.9838. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4687424

[2] Bredahl K, et al. Three-dimensional ultrasound evaluation of small asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. 2015;49(3):289-296. www.ejves.com/article/S1078-5884(14)00699-6/abstract

[3] Bredahl K, Taudorf M, Long A, Lönn L, Rouet L, Ardon R, Sillesen H, Eiberg JP. Three-dimensional ultrasound improves the accuracy of diameter measurement of the residual sac in EVAR patients. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. 2013;46(5):525-532. www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1078588413005753

[4] Radiological Society of North America, Inc. Radiation dose chart for physicians: radiation dose to adults from common imaging examinations. 2018. www.acr.org/-/media/ACR/Files/Radiology-Safety/Radiation-Safety/Dose-Reference-Card.pdf?la=en

[5] Ghulam QM, et al. Clinical validation of three-dimensional ultrasound for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2019. In Press. www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(19)31126-7/abstract

[6] Ghulam QM, et al. Follow-up of small abdominal aortic aneurysms using three-dimensional ultrasound: volume versus diameter. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. 2017;53(3):e17. www.ejves.com/article/S1078-5884(16)30641-4/abstract

[7] Chaikof EL, et al. The Society for Vascular Surgery practice guidelines on the care of patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 2018;67(1):2-77.e2. www.jvascsurg.org/article/S0741-5214(17)32369-8/abstract

You are about to visit a Philips global content page

Continue

You are about to visit the Philips USA website.

I understand

You are about to visit a Philips global content page

Continue

You are about to visit the Philips USA website.

I understand

Our site can best be viewed with the latest version of Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome or Firefox.

This webpage content is intended for Healthcare Professionals Only, not for general public
Please select the checkbox

Note:

This webpage content is intended for Healthcare Professionals Only, not for general public